Seeking Chances- From Biased Rationality to Distributed Cognition Book TOC – Free Books Download PDF

Seeking Chances- From Biased Rationality to Distributed Cognition Book TOC – Free Books Download PDF
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1 Fallacies and Cognition: The Rationale of Fallacious                                              

1.1 The Appeal of Being-Fallacious

1.1.1 The Agent-Based Perspective

1.1.2 Proportionality and Relativity of Errors

1.2 How to Make Use of Social Characters

1.2.1 Argumentum ad Verecundiam

1.2.2 Argumentum ad Hominem

1.2.3 Argumentum ad Populum

1.2.4 The Question of Irrelevancy and Evaluation

1.3 Gossip, Reasoning, and Knowledge

1.3.1 Ignorance and Knowledge

1.3.2 Reasoning through Gossiping

1.4 Concluding Remarks

2 Bounded Rationality as Biased Virtues, Vices, and Assumptions            

2.1 Laying Down the Main Assumptions of the Rationality Model

2.2 Getting in the Dirty: Major Constraints and Problems

2.2.1 Procedures and Results

2.2.2 Explaining Successful Outcomes

2.2.3 The Notion of Heuristics

2.2.4 Emotions

2.3 Biasing Rationality

2.3.1 Introducing the Homo Heuristicus

2.3.2 Easy to Use: The Rationale of Biased Rationality

2.3.3 Appealing to Ignorance and Its Cognitive Virtue

2.4 The Vices of Biased Rationality

2.4.1 Competence-Dependent Information Competence-Independent Information

2.4.2 Having Poor Information and Having Information at All

2.5 Appealing to Knowledge: De-biasing Rationality

2.5.1 Plastic Behaviors and the Lens Model

2.5.2 Competence-Dependent Information Is Delivered

2.6 When Biased Rationality Is Cognitive Ochlocracy

2.6.1 The Case of the Bandwagon

2.6.2 The Two Main Consequences of Ochlocracy

2.7 Concluding Remarks

3 Moving the Bonds: Distributing Cognition Cognitive Niche Construction                          

3.1 Humans as Chance Seekers

3.1.1 Incomplete Information and Chance-Seeking

3.1.2 The Externalization Process

3.2 Bounds Moved: From Bounded to Distributed Cognition

3.2.1 Internal and External Resources

3.2.2 The Role of External Representations

3.2.3 Broad Cognitive Systems

3.2.4 The Extended Model

3.3 Cognitive Niche Construction: Distributed Evolving

3.3.1 Niche Construction: The Neglected Side Evolution

3.3.2 The Notion of Cognitive Niche

3.3.3 Cognitive Niches and Distributed Cognition

3.4 The Future Enrichment of Cognitive Niches: The Case Ambient Intelligence

3.5 Cognitive Niche Maintenance and Group-Selection

3.5.1 Cognitive Niche Maintenance

3.5.2 Finding Room for Group-Selection in Evolution

3.5.3 Group-Projecting Behaviors, Assortment, and Stallation Hypothesis

3.5.4 An Eco-Cognitively Mediated Conception of Assortment

3.6 Concluding Remarks

4 Building Cognitive Niches: The Role of Affordances  

4.1 Cognitive Niche as a Set of Affordances

4.1.1 The Notion of Affordance

4.1.2 Affordances as Action Opportunities

4.1.3 Affordances as Ecological Facts

4.1.4 Affordances as Distributed Representations

4.1.5 Affordances as Evolving Interactional Structures

4.2 The Two Views on Affordance: The Ecological and Constructivist Approach at Stake

4.2.1 The Two Views

4.2.2 Confronting the Evidences

4.3 The Breadth of Abductive Cognition

4.4 Affordances as Abductive Anchors: Going beyond the

4.5 Adapting Affordances and Cognitive Niche Enrichment

4.5.1 Adapting Affordances

4.5.2 Ambient Intelligence and Adapting Affordances

4.6 Why and When We Are Not Afforded

4.6.1 Hidden, Broken, and Failed Affordances

4.6.2 Not Evolved and Not Created Affordances

4.7 Concluding Remarks

5 The Notion of Docility: The Social Dimension Distributing Cognition                                  

5.1 Altruism and Social Complexity

5.2 From Altruism to Docility

5.3 Docility, Learning, and Knowledge

5.3.1 Developing Docility: The Active Side

5.3.2 Docility, Learning, and Information

5.4 Who Is Undocile?

5.4.1 Bullshitting and Undocility

5.4.2 The Ostrich Effect: The Limits of Docility

5.5 The Open Source Model as a Case in Point

5.5.1 A Matter of Cognitive Reliability

5.5.2 The Docile Hacker

5.6 Concluding Remarks

6 Seeking Chances: The Moral Side            

6.1 Moral Proximity as a Leading Factor for Understanding

6.1.1 What Is Moral Proximity?

6.1.2 Some Evidence on the Relevance of Proximity for Moral Engagement

6.1.3 Moral Proximity Can Be Extended and So Our Moral Understanding

6.2 The Morality of Everyday Things

6.2.1 The Idea of Distributed Morality: A Framework for Ethics

6.2.2 Epistemic and Pragmatic Actions: The Moral Side

6.2.3 Moral Mediators and External Representations

6.3 A Case in Point: The Internet as a Moral Mediator

6.3.1 Information as Democratic Resources

6.3.2 The Internet as a Community Builder

6.4 Concluding Remarks